Brown Spots on Eyes: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

Human eyes are one of the most delicate parts of your body. Their value is only known to people who are blind or have some problems seeing properly. It is very important to take care of your eyes. Human eyes are prone to infection and allergies and often develop some serious medical conditions that can be detrimental to your vision.

In this article, we will discuss the appearance of a brown spot on the white part of your eye. This white part is a delicate and protective layer on the surface of the eye which is known as the sclera. The appearance of a brown or brownish-red spot appears on the sclera and it is not only very irritating, but it also looks very scary and awkward.

Human Eye

Causes of the Brown Spot on your Eyes

You may wonder how come a brown spot appeared on your eye. It is no doubt very concerning and everyone needs to know the reason behind it. Here, we will list all the possible reasons behind the presence of brown spots on your eyes.

Benign Conjunctival Nevus – You must have heard that a nevus may appear on your skin at any point of time, but when it comes to your eyes, the nevus commonly appears in the first ten years of age. This nevus is mostly benign and does not cause any harm other than it matters to your appearance. However, it is recommended that the appearance of a brown spot due to nevus must be consulted with an ophthalmologist so that you can be free of all the worries regarding your eyes.

Medications – Sometimes a brown spot can appear on your eyes as a result of side effects of the medicines that you take. For instance, some eye-drops contain epinephrine which has the ability to darken your conjunctiva. Medicines taken to control hormonal disturbances in your body can also disturb the production of melanin resulting in slow darkening of your conjunctiva. If you plan on visiting your doctor to discuss the appearance of the brown spot in your eyes, remember to tell him about all the medications you have been taking.

Iris Pigments – Appearance of brown spots have been reported due to excessive iris pigmentation. This condition is known as pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS). PDS is the result of pigmentation rubbing on the back side of the iris and it then floats to other parts of the eyes. PDS can put extra pressure on your eyes it can also damage optic nerves.

Primary Acquired Melanosis – Primary Acquired Melanosis or PAM is a condition associated with middle-aged and elderly white men. PAM can go unnoticed for years but when it results in the development of brown spot on your eyes, this brown spot can be very dangerous and may lead to cancer. Therefore, it is very important to discuss the appearance of brown spots with your eye specialist if you are above 45 years of age.

Foreign Objects – Entry of foreign objects like dust, tiny pieces of wood chips, a mosquito or a small insect on the surface of the sclera can also cause the appearance of red or brown spots. These spots are usually temporary and just cause irritation. Once the source of intrusion is removed, your eye’s natural mechanism helps in correcting the color of your eyes. You can also use some over the counter eye drops or rosewater of the irritation lasts for a longer period of time.


The appearance of brown spot on your eyes is usually pain-free and does not cause any discomfort, it rather becomes an aesthetic problem. When you notice a brown spot on our eye, you must visit an eye specialist on urgent basis. The diagnosis process is painless and does not involve any poking in your eyes. The doctor will examine your eyes and the blood vessels around it with the help of a diagnosis machine. This diagnosis will enable you to know the exact nature of the brown spot and relieve the tension in your mind.

Treatment Methods

You can rely on medications, surgeries, and natural methods to get rid of the brown spot on your eyes. While the medications options and surgeries may have some side effects on your health, natural methods are less costly and do not have any side effects on your health. Instead, you can reap some other health benefits from their use.

Natural Methods to Treat Brown Spots

Natural methods should always be your first refuge when looking for treatment of brown spots but keep in mind that a diagnosis is very important before applying natural methods. For the starters, using sunglasses for protection against sunlight is a good idea. Other natural methods include the following dietary elements

Vitamins – Vitamins A, C, and E are loaded with substances that help fight the toxins in your eyes. Citrus fruits are a rich source of vitamin C and vitamin E can be easily found in nuts. You can also take supplements of these vitamins in order to complete the demands of your body.

Onion and Garlic – Onions and garlic can cleanse your blood and reduce the chances of clot formation. Cutting an onion is said to have a washing effect on your eyes and clear any stranded dust particles on the surface of your eyes. Garlic flakes mixed in a glass of water can help in detoxification of our body.

Dandelion Roots – When brown spots occur due to exposure to heavy metals, dandelion roots are considered to be a great remedy. You can consume dandelion in the shape of tea or capsules.

Homeopathic Medications – Homeopathic medicines are composed of naturally occurring substances. If you can find a homeopathic doctor in your area, you can consult him regarding the appearance of brown spots on your eyes.

Medical Treatments

If you are unable to treat the brown spots naturally, you can rely on medical treatments. Your doctor can prescribe the following medical treatments

Eye-Drops – The most common medicated method of fighting the causes of the appearance of brown spots is the medicated drops. These drops reduce the pressure on your optical nerves. They also facilitate the flow of fluids inside your eyes and the drainage system. Remember not to get eye drops on your own, always consult a doctor before using one.

Benign Conjunctival Nevus Treatment – Surgical procedure is carried out to remove large lesions and this is carried out in a hospital where the doctors might want to keep you under observation for a certain period of time. Some people also get this procedure done to increase the beauty of their eyes.

Laser Therapies – With the help of laser beams, the doctor can remove the brown spots on your eyes. This is a costly process and does not require you to get hospitalized but you need to take care of your eyes for some time after you have undergone the therapy. Your doctor will explain to you how you need to take care of your eyes. Laser treatments are now being used to treat other eye problems as well.

Foreign Object Removal – If the appearance of the brown spot is due to a foreign particle inside your eye, the doctor will be able to remove it in a few minutes. Usually, a mixture of saline is used to flush out the foreign particle. Your doctor may prescribe you some eye drops or advice you to cover your eye for some time depending upon the impact of the foreign particle.


The appearance of a brown spot is often harmless and just an aesthetic problem. You should not ignore its appearance and get it diagnosed so that you can be free of all the concerns in your mind. It is very important to take care of your eyes. You must sleep at least 8 hours a day in order to relax your eyes. You must also reduce your screen time and get your eyesight checked in case you are having problems with your vision. Further, make sure that you do not use the contact lens without cleaning them properly and avoid using lenses after they are expired.

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